This glossary contains an alphabetical list of Buddhist terms that you may find on this website. Many of the terms now include phoneticized Sanskrit (Skt) as well as two forms of Tibetan—the phonetic version (Tib), which is a guide to pronunciation, and transliteration using the Wylie method (Wyl). Search for the term you want by entering it in the search box or browse through the listing by clicking on the letters below.
Glossary terms for "D"
Jampel Lhundrup. Pabongka Rinpoche's root guru for lam-rim teachings; author of the Jorchö text A Necklace for the Fortunate; his reincarnation has lived in France for many years.
Literally, a "sky-goer." A male being who helps arouse blissful energy in a qualified tantric practitioner.
Literally, a "female sky-goer." A female being who helps arouse blissful energy in a qualified tantric practitioner.
The pure land of Vajrayogini.
Gyalwa Tenzin Gyatso. Revered spiritual leader of the Tibetan people and tireless worker for world peace; winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989; a guru of Lama Zopa Rinpoche.
A small hand drum used in tantric practice.
We’re living in one! It has five characteristics: short life spans, scarce means of subsistence, mental afflictions, strong wrong views and weak sentient beings.
An emanation of the enlightened mind used as the object of meditation in tantric practices.
Born in Kham, Tibet, this learned lama studied at Drepung Loseling Monastery and was abbot of His Hoiness' Namgyal Monastery from 1986 to 1991. He is one of Lama Zopa Rinpoche's gurus.
Also called dependent arising. The way that the self and phenomena exist conventionally as relative and interdependent. They come into existence in dependence upon: 1) causes and conditions; 2) their parts; and, most subtly, 3) the mind imputing, or labeling, them. See also twelve links.
One of the three realms of samsara, comprising the hell beings, hungry ghosts, animals, humans, asuras and the six lower classes of suras; beings in this realm are preoccupied with desire for objects of the six senses.
A god dwelling in a state with much comfort and pleasure in the desire, form or formless realms.
Shakyamuni Buddha’s cousin, who was jealous of Buddha and constantly tried to harm him.
A popular collection of sayings of the Buddha in the Pali Canon.
A village in the north-west of India, in Himachal Pradesh. The residence of His Holiness the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan government-in-exile.
A tutor to many Gelugpa tulkus and resident teacher at the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives in Dharamsala, India, before leaving to establish his own centers in New Zealand, where he passed away.
The second refuge jewel. Literally, "that which holds or protects (us from suffering)" and hence brings happiness and leads us towards liberation and enlightenment. In Buddhism, absolute Dharma is the realizations attained along the path to liberation and enlightenment and conventional Dharma is seen as both the teachings of the Buddha and virtuous actions.
One of the five transcendental wisdoms, the wisdom that apprehends the nature of phenomena. The other wisdoms are: mirror-like wisdom, wisdom of equality, all-accomplishing wisdom and wisdom of analysis.
The truth body of a buddha (the other "body" being the form body or rupakaya); the blissful omniscient mind of a buddha, the result of the wisdom side of the path. It can be divided into the jnanakaya (wisdom body) and the svabhavikakaya (nature body). See also nirmanakaya, sambhogakaya, three kayas and four kayas.
A ninth-century Indian scholar and author of the mind training text Wheel of Sharp Weapons. He was a teacher of Lama Atisha, who studied with Dharmarakshita at the monastic university of Odantapuri in India.
Incense; one of the offering substances.
Aka the Diamond Sutra or Vajra Cutter Sutra, one of the most popular of the Prajnaparamita, or Perfection of Wisdom sutras.
A sixth-century Indian scholar and disciple of Vasubandhu, Dignaga composed the Compendium of Valid Cognition (Skt: Pramana-samuccaya). He is one of six great Indian scholars, known as the Six Ornaments.
A great scholar and author of many popular works such as Enlightened Courage: An Explanation of Atisha's Seven-Point Mind Training and The Excellent Path to Enlightenment, Rinpoche was the head of the Nyingma school from 1987 until his death in Bhutan in 1991.
Cloth meditation seat cover used by the Sangha.